A. Constitution of India, 1950, Articles 12 and 226 – Instrumentality of State – “Whether the Kangra Central Cooperative Bank, the Himachal Pradesh State Cooperative Bank Ltd. and the Jogindra Central Cooperative Bank, are ‘State’ within the meaning of Article 12 of the Constitution of India and whether a writ would lie against them? – Held, concerned cooperative bank not `State’ within the meaning of Article 12 – Ordered accordingly. [Paras 6 and 9]
B. Constitution of India, 1950, Article 226 – Cooperative Banks – Writ petition – Maintainability of – Power of the High Courts under Article 226 is as wide as the amplitude of the language used therein, which can affect any person-even a private individual and be available for any other purpose-even one for which another remedy may exist – High Court in exercise of powers under Article 226 of the Constitution of India, can certainly issue writ or order in the nature of writ even against nay persons or Authority – Ordered accordingly. [Paras 12 and 15]

An independent judiciary is essential to guard citizens of India against governments’ excesses. The Constitution establishes National Judicial Appointments Commission to regulate judicial appointments. The entire purpose behind this Act was to make selection procedure transparent and fair which earlier were made through collegiums system.