HOW TO GET DIVORCE UNDER HINDU MARRIAGE ACT [Made Easy]
For a Hindu spouse, the following grounds have been envisaged for getting divorce under Hindu Marriage Act, 1956 by presenting petition before Family Court/District Judge:-
Either of the spouses has, after the solemnization of the marriage, had voluntary sexual intercourse with any person other than his or her spouse.
Either of the spouses has, after the solemnization of the marriage, treated the the other with cruelty.
Either of the spouses has deserted the other for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the petition. The expression desertion means the desertion of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage without reasonable cause and without the consent or against the wish of such party, and includes the willful neglect of the petitioner by the other party to the marriage, and its grammatical variations and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.
(4) Religious Conversion.
Either of the spouses has ceased to be a Hindu by conversion to another religion.
(5) Mental Disorder.
Either of the spouses has been incurably of unsound mind, or has been suffering continuously or intermittently from mental disorder of such a kind and to such an extent that the petitioner cannot reasonably be expected to live with the respondent. The expression mental disorder means mental illness, arrested or incomplete development of mind, psychopathic disorder or any other disorder or disability of mind and includes schizophrenia. The expression psychopathic disorder means a persistent disorder or disability of mind (whether or not including sub-normality of intelligence) which results in abnormally aggressive or seriously irresponsible conduct on the part of the other party, and whether or not it requires or is susceptible to medical treatment.
(6) Venereal Disease.
Either of the spouses has been suffering from venereal disease in a communicable form.
(7) Renouncing the World .
Either of the spouses has renounced the world by entering any religious order.
(8) Presumed Dead.
Either of the spouses has not been heard of as being alive for a period of seven years or more by those persons who would naturally have heard of it, had that party been alive.
(9) Non-resumption of Cohabitation after Judicial Separation Decree.
That there has been no resumption of cohabitation as between the parties to the marriage for a period of one year or upwards after the passing of a decree for judicial separation in a proceeding to which they were parties or that there has been no restitution of conjugal rights as between the parties to the marriage for a period of one year or upwards after the passing of a decree for restitution of conjugal rights in a proceeding to which they were parties.
ADDITIONAL GROUNDS FOR WIFE TO FILE DIVORCE PETITION
A wife may also present a petition for the dissolution of her marriage by a decree of divorce on the ground:-
(10) Second Marriage by Husband.
In the case of any marriage solemnized before the commencement of Hindu Marriave Act, that the husband had married again before such commencement or that any other wife of the husband married before such commencement was alive at the time of the solemnization of the marriage of the petitioner. Provided that in either case the other wife is alive at the time of the presentation of the petition.
(11) Husband Guilty of Rape etc.
That the husband has, since the solemnization of the marriage, been guilty of rape, sodomy or bestiality.
(12) Non-Cohabitation for one year or above after Decrees.
That in a suit under section 18 of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956 (78 of 1956), or in a proceeding under section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) (or under the corresponding section 488 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of 1898)), a decree or order, as the case may be, has been passed against the husband awarding maintenance to the wife notwithstanding that she was living apart and that since the passing of such decree or order, cohabitation between the parties has not been resumed for one year or upwards.
(13) Married before 15 years of age.
That her marriage (whether consummated or not) was solemnized before she attained the age of fifteen years and she has repudiated the marriage after attaining that age but before attaining the age of eighteen years. This clause applies whether the marriage was solemnized before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act, 1976.]
Alternate Relief in Divorce Proceedings.
In any proceeding under Hindu Marriage Act, on a petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce, except in so far as the petition is founded on the grounds mentioned in clauses (ii), (vi) and (vii) of sub-section (1) of section 13, the Court may, if it considers it just so to do having regard to the circumstances of the case, pass instead a decree for judicial separation.
Divorce by mutual consent.
A petition for dissolution of marriage by a decree of divorce may be presented to the district Court by both the parties to a marriage together, whether such marriage was solemnized before or after the commencement of the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Act, 1976, on the ground that they have been living separately for a period of one year or more, that they have not been able to live together and that they have mutually agreed that the marriage should be dissolved.
On the motion of both the parties made not earlier than six months after the date of the presentation of the petition and not later than eighteen months after the said date, if the petition is not withdrawn in the meantime, the Court shall, on being satisfied, after hearing the parties and after making such inquiry as it thinks fit, that a marriage has been solemnized and that the averments in the petition are true, pass a decree of divorce declaring the marriage to be dissolved with effect from the date of the decree.
No petition for divorce to be presented within one year of marriage. It shall not be competent for any Court to entertain any petition for dissolution of a marriage by a decree of divorce, unless at the date of the presentation of the petition one year has elapsed since the date of the marriage. Provided that the Court may, upon application made to it in accordance with such rules as may be made by the High Court in that behalf, allow a petition to be presented before one year has elapsed since the date of the marriage on the ground that the case is one of exceptional hardship to the petitioner or of exceptional depravity on the part of the respondent, but, if it appears to the Court at the hearing of the petition that the petitioner obtained leave to present the petition by any misrepresentation or concealment of the nature of the case, the Court may, if it pronounces a decree, do so subject to the condition that the decree shall not have effect until after the expiry of one year from the date of the marriage or may dismiss the petition without prejudice to any petition which may be brought after the expiration of the said one year upon the same or substantially the same facts as those alleged in support of the petition so dismissed.
In disposing of any application under this section for leave to present a petition for divorce before the expiration of one year from the date of the marriage, the Court shall have regard to the interests of any children of the marriage and to the question whether there is a reasonable probability of a reconciliation between the parties before the expiration of the said one year.
WHEN MAY DIVORCED PERSON MARRY AGAIN
When a marriage has been dissolved by a decree of divorce and either there is no right of appeal against the decree or, if there is such a right of appeal, the time for appealing has expired without an appeal having been presented or an appeal has been presented but has been dismissed, it shall be lawful for either party to the marriage to marry again: